Symposium: The Quest for Equality

Deborah A. DeMott

Foreword: Equality, the Elusive Value

Robert G. Dixon Jr., Jonathan R. Macey and Jeffry M. Netter
In America there has been a special tension, indeed a tragic tension not resolved, between the ideals of equality of opportunity and individualism and the reality of black slavery and its aftermath.

The Philosophy of Equality

David W. Blackwell, Paul A. Freund, Kenneth Lehn and M. Wayne Marr
Inequality derives not merely from a division of labor or functions, but from the establishment of norms and corresponding evaluations of persons.

The Meaning of Equality

Wendy D. Fox and Thomas Nagel
There are many different kinds of equality, and some of the most pressing moral and political problems concern the priorities among them.

Philosophy of Equality: Panel Discussion

David P. Haberman

The Quest for Equality

Oscar Handlin and Wendy Woods
This Article tracks the varying meanings of the word “equality” throughout American history.

Equality in American History: Panel Discussion

Sarah R. Blumenfeld and Jack Hexter

The Bakke Problem—Allocation of Scarce Resources in Education and Other Areas

Erwin N. Griswold and J. Catherine Rapinchuk
Much has been written about the Bakke case, both before and since the Court’s pronouncement. I do not propose to review these writings, or even to examine the opinions of the Court in any detail. It is enough, and fortunate, I think, that we are able to continue the essentially social process of experimentation in this area, knowing that race may be taken into account in academic admissions, but that…

Concealing Our Meaning from Ourselves: The Forgotten History of Discrimination

Drew S. Days III and Yvonne G. Grassie

A Viable Compromise on Minority Admissions

Nathan Glazer and Catherine R. Phillips

Sexual Equality Under the Fourteenth and Equal Rights Amendments

Ruth Bader Ginsburg
This Article discusses the two rubrics under which gender-based classifications in the law might be tested: first, the equal protection principle explicit in the fourteenth amendment and implicit in the fifth amendment; and second, the sex equality principle presented in the proposed Equal Rights Amendment.

Status Versus Behavior

Thomas Sowell
The central issue regarding the Equal Rights Amendment has been posed as whether men and women should have equal status. A more fundamental question is whether social decisions must be based on status rather than behavior-and “must” is the proper word when speaking of a constitutional amendment.

The Proposed Twenty-Seventh Amendment: A Brief, Supportive Comment

William W. Van Alstyne
I have come to believe that approval of the proposed twenty-seventh amendment provides the most appropriate answer to the same questions that were deemed sufficient to justify ratification of the earlier and equally important amendments that constitute our Bill of Rights. Those questions I think to be these three. First, is the subject of the amendment of sufficient importance to warrant recognition in the Constitution of the United States? Second,…

Sexual Equality Under the Fourteenth and Equal Rights Amendments: Panel Discussion