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Thinking Small About Urban Renewal

Warren Lehman
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Literacy Tests, the Fourteenth Amendment, and District of Columbia Voting: The Original Intent

Alfred Avins
On August 6, 1965 the President signed into the law the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Section 4(e), purporting to secure fourteenth amendment rights, prohibits the states from requiring literacy tests in the English language as a voter qualification if the applicant is literate in another language learned in an American flag school. This provision was designed principally to extend the right to vote to Spanish-speaking natives of Puerto Rico…