A Communist-controlled society is not a State under International Law. Lest the reader reject this statement without reading further, on the grounds that should it be accepted it would wreck the United Nations and lend support to preventive war, let me say immediately that I do not believe these are necessary or proper inferences. I will deal with what I think are proper inferences after I have established the statement as fact by marshaling the evidence in support of it. However, even should a fact carry only foreboding, it must be faced. National survival, as individual sanity, demands that we plot our actions on a mental map that shows.us the world as it is, not as we would prefer it to be.