Appointing Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Judges in the Trump Administration

     President Donald Trump incessantly brags that American citizens selected him to “Make the Judiciary Great Again” and constantly reminds the public that the huge number of federal jurists whom Trump has appointed will be deciding cases decades after his tenure is over. Trump has rapidly submitted many circuit and district court candidates, butContinue reading “Appointing Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Judges in the Trump Administration”

Zoom Wills

Abstract This brief essay suggests that suddenly popular online meeting platforms like Zoom can be used to execute wills while people are subject to shelter-in-place orders following the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Although will execution ceremonies using Zoom do not strictly comply with statutory formalities, Zoom-based ceremonies satisfy the two primary curative doctrines—the substantialContinue reading “Zoom Wills”

The Unconstitutionality of Espinoza’s Blue Sky Scholarship Program

In Espinoza v. Montana Department of Revenue,1 the Supreme Court ruled that providing state funds to private secular schools but not private religious schools amounted to unconstitutional discrimination against religion in violation of the Free Exercise Clause.2 In this short piece, I explain how the Court’s decision is inconsistent with its prior Establishment Clause precedents on religiousContinue reading “The Unconstitutionality of Espinoza’s Blue Sky Scholarship Program”

Affirming Personhood: Extending Title VII Protections to Prisoners in State-Operated Prison Industries

Abstract This Note examines the application of Title VII protections to prisoners in the historical context of the Thirteenth Amendment. First, I outline the transition from traditional racial chattel slavery into our modern prison industrial complex through the Thirteenth Amendment. Next, I discuss the purpose of Title VII and review the different standards used byContinue reading “Affirming Personhood: Extending Title VII Protections to Prisoners in State-Operated Prison Industries”

Affirming Personhood: Extending Title VII Protections to Prisoners in State-Operated Prison Industries

Full Text PDF Abstract This Note examines the application of Title VII protections to prisoners in the historical context of the Thirteenth Amendment. First, I outline the transition from traditional racial chattel slavery into our modern prison industrial complex through the Thirteenth Amendment. Next, I discuss the purpose of Title VII and review the differentContinue reading “Affirming Personhood: Extending Title VII Protections to Prisoners in State-Operated Prison Industries”